Tag Archives: Sauder School of Business

Climate News Round Up From ISIS

The two stories below are taken from this week’s News Scan which is a weekly summary of the major climate-change related science, technology, and policy advances of direct relevance to the B.C. provincial and the Canadian federal governments and more generally to businesses and civil society. The News Scan focuses on cutting edge climate issues and solutions gathered by the fellows and faculty of ISIS, a research centre at the Sauder School of Business, in partnership with the Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions (PICS). Access to some referenced articles may require a journal subscription or purchase of the article, and appropriate links are provided for this purpose.

Fleet operators pushing toward ‘green’

June 12, 2010. Owners of many of the USA’s largest commercial fleets are experimenting with alternative-fuel vehicles, driven in part by tougher federal and state emissions rules and in part by the recession and uncertain fuel prices. One example is telecommunications giant AT&T, which is in the early stages of a 10-year, US$565 million initiative to replace more than 15,000 vehicles (of its total 77,000) with more fuel-efficient models, including those powered by compressed natural gas or other alternative fuels. Wal-Mart is also testing diesel-electric hybrid trucks and is retrofitting 15 trucks to run on reclaimed waste cooking grease collected from its stores, while the United Parcel Service (UPS) has 2000 vehicles (of its 100,000 global force) running on alternative fuels. The trucking industry is an important contributor to greenhouse gases in the US: the transportation sector (including non-commercial) accounts for 28 percent of US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Key to these companies’ emissions-reducing strategies, according to UPS, is a diversified approach to new technologies for reducing fleet emissions.

The trend in the US toward experimentation for greening trucking fleets has strong implications for BC: the province’s transport GHG emissions constitute 36% of total emissions. The BC government has a number of transport emissions reductions initiatives, including education and tax incentives and mandatory emissions testing. In addition BC will implement a low carbon fuel standard, based on California’s standards, although some have criticized the standard because of possible environmental loopholes that may affect its total environmental efficacy. Comprehensive policy to support the emerging trend of alternative fuels to reduce transport emissions, both in Canada and the US, will help spur BC companies such as Westport that provide technological solutions to economically lower GHG outputs of trucking fleets. Read MORE On statesman

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The West Is The Best

The West is the Best? Leaking carbon from the patchwork quilt

By Adam Bumpus Mar 24, 2010

A patchwork of climate regulation may be a way forward in the wake of COP15 and the US rejection of economy wide cap and trade at the federal level. Individual systems must be joined or harmonized across space to avoid leakage in the gaps.

Movements at the federal level in the US have shown that a nationwide cap and trade system – recently thought to be virtually inevitable – is “dead”, in the words of Senator Graham, a proponent of a new climate bill (see here). The senate simply did not have enough political votes in favour of cap and trade for nationwide regulation to pass. As we saw in Copenhagen (see here), the binding agreements that cover countries and societies that are economically linked are hard to come by. There are too many interests that pull such complex negotiations toward stalemates, even though the multinational companies that link many of these economies may be helped by comprehensive climate policy (see here). Instead, we end up with a variety of regional initiatives that create regulations in one area, none in another and, at the moment, are not harmonized to create comprehensive coverage. The patchwork quilt of carbon reductions has some distinctly large gaps in it.

While DC figures out what a comprehensive climate bill might look like, regional efforts continue apace, defining emissions reductions and placing a price on carbon. The Western Climate Initiative signed by independent jurisdictions, states, provinces and Native Sovereign Nations (see here) aims to put a price on carbon by 2012 with its own cap and trade system. It will be four times bigger than any existing cap and trade systems in the US (see here). Good news: pretty comprehensive cover for these jurisdictions: reducing emissions and spurring the green economy.

Western Climate Initiative connects into the eastern electricity markets and creates opportunities for carbon leakage.

But, recent WCI analysis has pointed to the fact that because of the way WCI jurisdictions in the East (see attached picture) trade electricity with the Eastern states (Eastern Interconnection), an increase in the price of carbon in WCI jurisdictions (and therefore short term electricity prices), means fewer electricity exports (see here). Therefore non-WCI electricity generation and carbon emissions go up. This is known as leakage (emissions ‘leak’ out of an area not covered by regulation). However, if the WCI jurisdiction places an energy import tariff (what is called in the report: FJD, First Jurisdictional Deliverer) on non-WCI energy (i.e. east to west electricity), leakage is reduced because non-WCI energy becomes less competitive to import. Interestingly, the reductions in non-WCI emissions weren’t affected by the amount of the tariff – as long as it was there, leakage would be reduced, but never eliminated. Where there is a price on CO2 allowances in the WCI, even import tariffs won’t eliminate increased emissions in the East. As the study shows, the best way to reduce overall emissions is by linking with other regulatory schemes (such as the RGGI, MGGRA – see here for overview), or a federal system that places a price on carbon everywhere. >>> READ MORE HERE >>>

Adam Bumpus is pursuing Advanced Research Work with the distinguished Sauder School of Business UBC.

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